Know the Facts: Ohio Medical Marijuana Control ProgramMontgomery County ADAMHS' position on Marijuana for Medical Use
1. Medicinal marijuana is not a prescription; it is a recommendation.
The federal government prohibits doctors from being able to prescribe marijuana. Instead, patients must have a recommendation from a certified physician.
2. Medicinal marijuana will be available to minors with parental consent.
3. Not all doctors will be able to recommend medicinal marijuana.
In order for a doctor to recommend medicinal marijuana they must hold an active MD or DO license from the State Medical Board of Ohio. Additionally, doctors must apply for a certificate to recommend and will need to complete at least two hours of continuing medical education that will assist in diagnosing qualifying conditions, treating those conditions with medical marijuana and possible drug interactions
4. Under Ohio law, there are 21 qualifying medical conditions that may be treated by medical marijuana.
These are: AIDS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, Crohn’s disease, epilepsy or another seizure disorder, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, hepatitis C, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, pain that is either chronic and severe or intractable, Parkinson’s disease, positive status for HIV, post-traumatic stress disorder, sickle cell anemia, spinal cord disease or injury, Tourette’s syndrome, traumatic brain injury, and ulcerative colitis.
5. Once a patient receives a recommendation from a qualified physician, they will be required to register with the State Board of Pharmacy.
A patient or caregiver registration will be valid from the date of issuance and expire one year later, on the last day of the month it was issued. If the patient is diagnosed as terminally ill, the patient’s registration will expire after six months.
6. A registered patient or caregiver will receive a recommendation for a 90-day supply.
A 90-day supply may consist of multiple forms of medical marijuana. Full details can be found in Ohio Administrative Rule 3796:8-2-04.
7. Medical marijuana will be available in several different forms: oils, tinctures, plant material, edibles and patches.
The law prohibits the use of medical marijuana by smoking or combustion, but does allow for vaporization (vaping). The law prohibits any form that is attractive to children.
8. Medical marijuana will only be available from retail dispensaries licensed by the Board of Pharmacy.
Risk and impairment issues related to marijuana use:
• Marijuana interferes with the brain’s ability to function properly. THC affects areas of the brain that control your body’s movements, balance, coordination, memory, and judgment.
• Marijuana effects an individuals’ ability to drive safely because it slows reaction time and ability to make decisions, distorts perception particularly with spatial awareness, leads to memory loss, and creates difficulty with problem-solving.
• There is a correlation between marijuana use and psychosis.
• Marijuana use increases the risk of addiction.
Even when legalized only for medicinal purposes, there are consequences to marijuana use that have been experienced by other states. We have no reason to think Ohio will not experience these same consequences:
• The number of young children exposed to marijuana and have to be treated in an Emergency Department increases.
• Traffic accidents and fatalities increases.
• The number of school suspensions and expulsions increases.
The Ohio law protects employers. They have the right to prohibit the use of marijuana even if you have a doctor’s recommendation to obtain it.